The Black Commentator: An independent weekly internet magazine dedicated to the movement for economic justice, social justice and peace - Providing commentary, analysis and investigations on issues affecting African Americans and the African world.
February 26, 2009 - Issue 313
Time to Fix the Safety Net
By Dr. Julianne Malveaux, PhD / Progressive Media Project
lackCommentator Editorial Board


We need to repair our nation’s safety net.

Back in 1996, President Clinton and Congress ended “welfare as we know it” and substituted it with TANF, Temporary Aid for Needy Families.

They pushed TANF through in the middle of an economic expansion. Today, we’re in the midst of a severe recession, with double-digit unemployment rates afflicting blacks and likely to soon afflict the overall population.

In this context, it’s hard to justify the five-year limit on aid that the TANF law imposes. States may elect to provide families aid for more than the cumulative 60 months, but the federal government limits the number of families who can be helped, and penalizes states if they offer too much aid.

Before TANF, welfare recipients could also attend college to improve their skills before returning to the labor market. TANF limited college attendance and reduced vocational training to one year.

These TANF provisions don’t seem realistic in the face of this recession, either.

Congress reauthorized TANF in 2005, but the legislators kept its funding flat through 2010. This means we have a pre-recession level of assistance available in a recessionary time. That won’t do.

People who found jobs before exhausting their 60 months of eligibility may have only a few months left, even as they are now losing their jobs. Others, who might ordinarily enter the labor market, have nowhere to turn for a job and have nothing to fall back on. Still others, who need public assistance and qualify for it, may not get it because the states don’t have the money to distribute it.

In the middle of an economic expansion, it was easy for our legislators to engage in a moral argument about public assistance. Some portrayed welfare recipients in the most contemptuous terms, as lazy and morally inferior. Rep. E. Clay Shaw Jr., R-Fla., said they were people “you wouldn’t leave your cat with.” Today’s recession mocks such scorn. Millions of people need aid out of no fault of their own. The economy has simply stopped working.

If numbers are the only measure, TANF was a stunning success, with the number of families on aid dropping for 10.3 million in 1997 to 4.3 million in 2006.

But the numbers don’t tell all. They don’t tell what happened to these people who fell off the rolls. They don’t explain the invisible challenges that people faced because of the limitations of TANF. And they don’t take into consideration what will happen to people in times like these, when jobs are not available.

Today, even the most callous legislator would have a hard time making a moral argument against poor people, or those who have lost their jobs because our economy is tottering on the brink of disaster. Instead, we might explore the immorality of the Madoffs of the world (people you could not leave your cash with).

The safety net we shredded more than 12 years ago would come in handy today as we deal with this recession. Without it, hundreds of thousands of families face hunger, hardship and homelessness.

They not only need a safety net. They deserve one.

This commentary originally appeared in The Progressive. Editorial Board Member, Julianne Malveaux is president of Bennett College for Women in Greensboro, N.C. She wrote this for Progressive Media Project, a source of liberal commentary on domestic and international issues; it is affiliated with The Progressive magazine. Readers may write to the author at: Progressive Media Project, 409 East Main Street, Madison, Wis. 53703; e-mail: [email protected]; Web site: For information on PMP’s funding, please visit Click here to contact Dr. Malveaux.


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